terplandia_What are terpenes-Web

What are Terpenes?

Have you ever asked yourself where the sweet, zesty smell of oranges comes from? Or the refreshing, stimulating scent of peppermint? How about the earthy, floral scents of fresh-cut flowers? 

Our blog title might give it away. The smells, aromas, scents, fragrances, in natural plant life exist because of terpenes.

So, if you were ever curious where the strong, undeniable scent of cannabis came from, now you know! To set the record straight, terpenes aren’t responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis, only the smells.

In this article, we’ll cover all the juicy details about terpenes, so by the end, you’ll understand why they could be the missing piece in your self-care routine.

Hemp Plant Terpenes

Although terpenes exist in all organic plant life, they appear in large amounts within the cannabis family of plants, including hemp. To put some numbers behind these words, more than 200 of the total 400 compounds in hemp consist of terpenes.  

Again, this may not shock you given the intense potency of many cannabis and hemp strains.

Why are terpenes so important?

For starters, they provide the most divine and soothing smells. Just imagine living on this planet and no longer being about to use your sense of smell or taste. That’s what it would feel like if terpenes vanished.

Even more than this, terpenes have real, concrete, scientifically proven health benefits. They’ve been used in aromatherapy for thousands of years and have made their way into mainstream holistic wellness in the last several years.  

We’ll get into the health benefits of terpenes in just a bit. Hang tight. Or if you can’t wait for another second, scroll down to find out now.

Common Types of Terpenes

As we touched on a bit at the beginning, terpenes can have different kinds of aromas. The most popular and common ones include pine, spice, mint, floral, earth, citrus, sweet, fuel, and pungent.  

We’re going to give you some examples of cannabis terpenes, their aromas, and where else you can find them besides cannabis strains.  

1. Myrcene (MUR-seen)

Myrcene is the most common terpene in hemp strains. It has an earthy, spicy, mildly sweet aroma. You can find this not only in many different strains, but also in mangoes, thyme, hops, and basil.

2. Caryophyllene (carry-OFF-uh-leen)

This is another popular terpene found in oregano, black peppercorns, rosemary, dark leafy greens, and cloves. Given this bit of background, you can expect a spicy and earthy fragrance from caryophyllene.

3. Pinene (PIE-neen)

The name pretty much gives away the scent. You’ll find this terpene in conifer and pine needles, and of course some yummy smelling hemp strains.

4. Limonene (LIM-o-neen)

Citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, grapefruits, limes, and others contain limonene. But, what might surprise you the most is where the highest concentration of this terpene resides. It’s not inside the fruit itself but within the rinds of the skin.

5. Linalool (LINN-uh-lool)

Another common terpene is linalool. With its heavy-leaning floral notes, this is a fragrance that can easily put smiles on faces. Also, it’s the main terpene in lavender and appears in cinnamon, mugwort tea, and apricots.

Here are some more common terpenes you may have heard or read about:

  • Bisabolol
  • Terpinolene
  • Nerolidol
  • Ocimene
  • Eucalyptol
  • Humulene
  • Delta-3 Carene

Health Benefits of Terpenes 

Science is catching up with its understanding of terpenes’ benefits in the therapeutic setting. What our ancestors knew and what ancient wisdom has taught us, is now reaching the laboratories and the knowledge is spreading faster than you can blink.

Rather than boring you with scientific jargon, let’s stick to the benefits at a high level. 

Like vitamins, minerals, and other supplements we take, the body’s digestive system (primarily the spleen) works to absorb and assimilate the nutrients so that our entire body will feel the health effects of supplementation. And this is the case when using terpenes, whether topically, orally, or through diffusion.

The physiological changes that we may notice include an improvement in our memory, mood, sleep, physical movements, and appetite if it’s out of balance.

Let’s look at a few specific examples for a moment. Linalool has calming and relaxing properties, which is good for the end of the day when you need to decompress. While limonene and pinene are terpenes that provide more cerebral effects, such as a boost in energy and alertness.

For those of you who use hemp-derived products, you may have read about or even experienced similar effects. Although the cannabinoids (i.e. CBD, CBG, Delta 8) in hemp often get credit for having health benefits, the terpenes also play a major role in promoting overall well-being and offering a variety of ‘feel better’ effects.

So, who’s to say terpenes aren’t the true shining stars here? Food for thought.

Wrap Up

Terpenes are awesome, “smell good” compounds found all throughout nature. It’s a blessing to know that Mother Earth provides us access to plants that contain such amazing healing benefits.  

To try terpenes for yourself, specifically, ones derived from hemp, check out our incredible bottles of magic.

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